Average Mechanical Engineering Salary in South Africa (2024)

The average Mechanical Engineering salary in South Africa is R31,000 per month. An entry-level Mechanical Engineering earns a salary range of R17,508, a mid-career level earns a salary range of R32,100 and a senior/experienced level earns R43,000 per month.

Average Mechanical Engineering Salary in South Africa

Job Title Approximate Monthly Salary (ZAR)
Entry-Level Mechanical Engineer 17,508
Mid-Career Mechanical Engineer 32,100
Experienced Mechanical Engineer 43,000


Types of Mechanical Engineer and Salary in South Africa Per Month

Type of Mechanical Engineer Approximate Monthly Salary (ZAR)
HVAC Engineer 30,200
Automotive Engineer 54,493


Aerospace Engineer 76,000
Manufacturing Engineer 60,000
Mining Engineer 60,054
Consulting Engineer 50,500
Renewable Energy Engineer 57,346

Mechanical engineering is a diverse field with various specializations, and salaries can vary depending on factors like experience, location, and industry. In South Africa, mechanical engineers can work in a range of sectors, including manufacturing, mining, construction, and more.

Highlighted below are some common types of mechanical engineering specializations in South Africa. Please note that salaries can vary depending on factors like experience, location, and the specific healthcare facility or organization.

Types of Mechanical Engineers and their Functions in South Africa

1. Automotive Engineers

They work in the automotive industry, designing and improving vehicles, engines, and related systems.

2. Aerospace Engineers

Focused on designing, testing, and maintaining aircraft and spacecraft.

3. HVAC Engineers

Specialized in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems, which are crucial in South Africa’s diverse climate.

4. Manufacturing Engineers

Involved in optimizing manufacturing processes, improving efficiency, and ensuring product quality.

5. Mining Engineers

Work in the mining industry, designing equipment and systems for safe and efficient mining operations.

6. Energy Engineers

Concentrate on renewable and conventional energy sources, as South Africa has a growing need for energy solutions.

7. Materials Engineers

Deal with materials selection and development for various applications, including construction and manufacturing.

8. Mechatronics Engineers

Combine mechanical and electronic engineering to design automated and intelligent systems, such as robotics and automation.

9. Structural Engineers

Focus on the design and analysis of buildings, bridges, and other structures, considering safety and durability.

10. Biomechanical Engineers

Work on healthcare-related projects, such as medical devices, prosthetics, and orthopaedic equipment.

Factors Affecting Mechanical Engineering Salary in South Africa

Several factors can affect the salary of a mechanical engineer in South Africa. These factors can vary widely and may influence an engineer’s earning potential. Here are some key factors that can affect a mechanical engineer’s salary in South Africa:

1. Experience

Experience is one of the most significant factors affecting salary. As engineers gain more years of experience, their skills and knowledge typically improve, making them more valuable to employers. Experienced engineers often earn higher salaries than those who are just starting their careers.

2. Education

A higher level of education, such as a master’s degree or Ph.D., can lead to higher-paying positions and career advancement opportunities.

3. Location

Salaries can vary by location within South Africa. Cities like Johannesburg, Cape Town, and Durban tend to offer higher salaries compared to rural areas due to the higher cost of living in urban centres.

4. Industry

The industry in which a mechanical engineer works can have a significant impact on their salary. For example, engineers working in the automotive or aerospace industries may earn more than those in less specialized fields.

5. Company Size

The size and financial health of the company can also influence salaries. Larger companies, especially multinational corporations, often pay higher salaries and offer better benefits packages.

6. Specialization

The specific field or specialization within mechanical engineering can affect salary levels. Engineers with expertise in high-demand areas like renewable energy, robotics, or artificial intelligence may command higher salaries.

7. Certifications

Having relevant certifications or licenses, such as Professional Engineer (Pr. Eng) registration, can boost an engineer’s earning potential.

8. Skills and Competencies

Engineers with specialized skills or knowledge in areas like finite element analysis, computational fluid dynamics, or advanced programming languages may earn higher salaries.

9. Market Demand

The demand for mechanical engineers in a particular region or industry can impact salaries. High-demand areas may offer more competitive compensation packages.

10. Negotiation Skills

An engineer’s ability to negotiate their salary during the hiring process or performance reviews can influence their earnings.

11. Economic Conditions

Economic conditions, both nationally and globally, can impact salary levels. Economic downturns can result in reduced salary growth or even job layoffs.

12. Benefits and Perks

In addition to base salary, the total compensation package can include benefits such as health insurance, retirement plans, bonuses, and stock options, which can significantly affect an engineer’s overall earnings.

How to Become a Mechanical Engineer in South Africa

Becoming a mechanical engineer in South Africa typically requires a combination of education, practical experience, and professional registration. Here are the general steps to follow to become a mechanical engineer in South Africa:

1. Educational Requirements

Obtain a National Senior Certificate (NSC) with matriculation endorsement. Choose mathematics and physical science as two of your subjects in high school, as these are essential for admission to engineering programs.

2. Bachelor’s Degree in Mechanical Engineering

Enroll in a Bachelor of Science in Engineering (BScEng) or a Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) program with a specialization in mechanical engineering at a recognized South African university. Popular choices include the University of Pretoria, the University of Cape Town, and the University of the Witwatersrand.

3. Complete the Undergraduate Program

Complete a four-year undergraduate program in mechanical engineering. This program will include a mix of theoretical coursework and practical engineering projects.

4. Gain Practical Experience

To become a registered professional engineer in South Africa, you need practical experience. After completing your degree, you typically must work as an engineering intern or graduate engineer for a specific period (usually around four years) under the supervision of a registered professional engineer.

5. Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA) Registration

Apply for registration with the Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA). ECSA is the regulatory body responsible for accrediting engineering qualifications and professional registration in South Africa. As part of the ECSA registration process, you’ll need to complete a Professional Report and undergo a Professional Review, demonstrating your competence and experience.

6. Write the Professional Review Examination

Mechanical engineering candidates are usually required to pass the ECSA Professional Review Examination. This examination assesses your engineering knowledge and professional competence.

7. Receive Professional Engineer (Pr. Eng) Registration

Upon successful completion of the ECSA registration process and examination, you will be granted the title of Professional Engineer (Pr. Eng), which is a recognized and protected professional title in South Africa.

8. Continuing Professional Development (CPD)

Maintain your Pr. Eng status by participating in continuous professional development activities, which may include workshops, seminars, and further education.

9. Consider Specialization or Postgraduate Studies

After becoming a mechanical engineer, you may choose to specialize in a particular area of mechanical engineering or pursue postgraduate studies (e.g., a master’s or Ph.D.) to further advance your career.

10. Seek Employment or Start Your Practice

With your PR.Eng registration, you can seek employment as a mechanical engineer in various industries, work in consulting firms, or even start your engineering practice.



The average Mechanical Engineer Salary in South Africa is R31,000. Becoming a mechanical engineer in South Africa involves a structured process. First, obtain a matriculation endorsement with mathematics and physical science subjects. Pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering at a recognized university. Following graduation, gain practical experience through internships under the guidance of a registered engineer.

Next, register with the Engineering Council of South Africa (ECSA) and pass the Professional Review Examination to attain the title of Professional Engineer (Pr. Eng). Continuous professional development is essential to maintain this status. Once registered, you can work in various industries, consulting firms, or establish your practice. This well-defined path ensures competence and adherence to professional standards in the field of mechanical engineering.