Average Radiation Therapist Salary in South Africa (2024)

The average Radiation Therapist Salary in South Africa is R91,330 per month. An entry-level Radiation Therapist earns a salary range of R53,633, a Mid-career level earns about R94,000, and a senior/experienced level earns R124, per month.

Average Radiation Therapist Salary in South Africa

Job Title Approximate Monthly Salary (ZAR)
Entry-Level Radiation Therapist 15,567
Mid-Career Radiation Therapist 25,208
Experienced Radiation Therapist 30,025

Types of Radiation Therapists and Their Functions in South Africa

In South Africa, radiation therapy plays a crucial role in the treatment of various medical conditions, and radiation therapists are essential members of the healthcare team. There are several types of radiation therapists in the country, each specializing in specific aspects of radiation therapy. The primary types include:

1. Radiation Oncologists

Radiation oncologists are medical doctors who specialize in the use of radiation for cancer treatment. They are responsible for determining the appropriate radiation treatment plan for each patient based on their diagnosis, medical history, and other factors.

2. Medical Physicists

Medical physicists work to ensure the safe and effective delivery of radiation therapy. They are involved in the planning and calibration of radiation equipment, quality assurance, and dose calculations. Their expertise is crucial in maintaining precision and safety in radiation treatments.

3. Dosimetrists

Dosimetrists work closely with radiation oncologists and medical physicists in treatment planning. They calculate the appropriate radiation dose to target the cancer while minimizing exposure to healthy tissues. Dosimetrists use advanced computer software to create treatment plans tailored to each patient’s unique anatomy.

4. Radiation Therapists (Radiographers)

Radiation therapists, also known as radiographers, are directly involved in delivering radiation treatments to patients. They operate the radiation therapy machines, ensure accurate patient positioning, and monitor patients during treatment sessions. They play a crucial role in maintaining the overall well-being of patients undergoing radiation therapy.

5. Radiation Therapy Nurses

Nurses specializing in radiation therapy provide comprehensive care to patients throughout their treatment. They educate patients about the treatment process, manage side effects, and offer emotional support. Radiation therapy nurses collaborate with other healthcare professionals to ensure a holistic approach to patient care.

6. Radiation Therapy Technologists

These technologists assist in the technical aspects of radiation therapy, including the maintenance and calibration of equipment. They may also be involved in imaging procedures such as CT scans for treatment planning purposes.

7. Radiation Protection Officers

Responsible for ensuring radiation safety, these professionals monitor and enforce radiation protection standards. They work to minimize radiation exposure to both patients and healthcare staff, ensuring compliance with regulatory guidelines.

8. Radiation Therapy Managers/Administrators

These professionals oversee the overall operations of radiation therapy departments. They manage budgets, and personnel, and ensure that the department adheres to quality and safety standards. They play a crucial role in the coordination and efficiency of radiation therapy services.

The diverse roles within the field of radiation therapy in South Africa showcase a collaborative effort to provide effective and safe treatments for patients. The synergy among radiation oncologists, medical physicists, dosimetrists, radiation therapists, nurses, technologists, protection officers, and managers contributes to the success of radiation therapy programs in the country.

Factors Affecting Radiation Therapist’s Salaries in South Africa

Radiation therapists play a crucial role in the healthcare system, administering radiation treatments to patients with cancer. In South Africa, the salaries of radiation therapists are influenced by various factors, reflecting the complexity of the healthcare industry, economic conditions, and individual career paths.

1. Education and Experience

Salaries often correlate with the level of education and experience. Radiation therapists with advanced degrees or substantial work experience may command higher salaries. Continuous professional development and training in emerging technologies can also positively impact earnings.

2. Geographic Location

Disparities in salaries can be observed across different regions in South Africa. Urban areas with higher living costs may offer higher salaries to compensate for the increased expenses.

3. Type of Healthcare Facility

The type of healthcare facility where a radiation therapist works can significantly affect salaries. Large, specialized cancer centres may offer higher pay compared to smaller clinics or general hospitals.

4. Public vs. Private Sector

Radiation therapists working in the private sector may receive higher salaries compared to their counterparts in public institutions. Private healthcare facilities often have more resources to allocate to competitive compensation packages.

5. Demand and Supply

The demand for radiation therapists in a particular region can impact salaries. Areas with a shortage of skilled professionals may offer higher salaries to attract and retain talent.

6. Economic Conditions

Broader economic factors, such as inflation rates and overall economic stability, can influence salary levels. In times of economic growth, there may be an increase in healthcare budgets, potentially leading to higher salaries.

7. Negotiation Skills

The ability to negotiate salary terms can be a significant factor. Effective negotiation, coupled with a strong understanding of industry standards, can result in more favourable compensation packages.

8. Unionization and Collective Bargaining

Unionized environments may have standardized salary structures and negotiated benefits, impacting the earnings of radiation therapists. Collective bargaining agreements can play a role in determining pay rates.

9. Technological Advancements

Proficiency in the use of advanced radiation therapy equipment and technologies may be rewarded with higher salaries. Therapists who stay updated with the latest industry trends may be more valuable to employers.

10. Government Regulations

Government policies and regulations related to healthcare and employment can affect salary structures. Changes in regulations or the introduction of new healthcare initiatives may influence compensation.

How to Become a Radiation Therapist in South Africa

Becoming a radiation therapist in South Africa is a rewarding journey that involves a combination of education, practical experience, and professional development. Radiation therapists play a crucial role in cancer treatment, using advanced technology to administer radiation to patients. This guide outlines the steps and requirements to pursue a career as a radiation therapist in South Africa.

Educational Requirements

1. Matriculation: Obtain a National Senior Certificate (NSC) or equivalent qualification with subjects such as Mathematics, Physical Sciences, and Life Sciences. These subjects provide a solid foundation for understanding the principles of radiation therapy.

2. Bachelor’s Degree: Pursue a Bachelor of Radiation Therapy or an equivalent degree at a recognized university. Ensure the program is accredited by the Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA), the regulatory body for healthcare professions.

Clinical Training

1. Internship: Complete a clinical internship as part of the degree program. This hands-on experience is essential for developing practical skills and gaining exposure to real-world scenarios in radiation therapy departments.

2. HPCSA Registration: After completing the academic and clinical requirements, register with the HPCSA as a student radiation therapist. This registration is a prerequisite for practising in the field.

Certification and Licensing

1. Board Examination: Prepare for and successfully pass the HPCSA board examination for radiation therapists. This exam evaluates theoretical knowledge and clinical skills to ensure competency in the profession.

2. HPCSA Licensing: Upon passing the board examination, apply for professional licensing from the HPCSA. This step is crucial for legally practising as a radiation therapist in South Africa.

Professional Development

1. Continuing Education: Stay updated on advancements in radiation therapy by participating in ongoing professional development activities. Attend conferences, workshops, and courses to enhance your knowledge and skills.

2. Specialization: Consider pursuing specialized certifications or additional qualifications in areas such as brachytherapy or advanced radiation therapy techniques. Specialization can open up opportunities for career advancement.

Job Search and Employment

1. Job Opportunities: Explore job opportunities in public and private healthcare institutions, cancer treatment centres, and research facilities. Networking within the healthcare community can also help in securing job placements.

2. Resume Building: Develop a strong resume that highlights your education, clinical experience, and any additional certifications. Tailor your resume to showcase your skills and achievements in the field of radiation therapy.



The average Radiation Therapist Salary in South Africa is R91,330 per month. The salaries of radiation therapists in South Africa are multifaceted, influenced by a combination of educational background, geographic location, type of healthcare facility, economic conditions, and individual negotiation skills. As the healthcare landscape evolves, staying informed about industry trends and continuously developing professional skills can contribute to a rewarding career and competitive compensation for radiation therapists.

Becoming a radiation therapist in South Africa requires dedication, a solid educational foundation, and continuous professional development. By following these steps, aspiring radiation therapists can embark on a fulfilling career, contributing to the crucial field of cancer treatment and patient care.