Average Security Guard Salary in South Africa (2024)

The average Security Guard Salary in South Africa is R9,200 per month. An entry-level Security Guard earns a salary range of R7,100, a Mid-career level earns about R11,317, and a senior/experienced level earns R12,100 per month.

Average Security Guard Salary in South Africa

Job Title Approximate Monthly Salary (ZAR)
Entry-Level Security Guard 7,100
Mid-Career Security Guard 11,317
Experienced Security Guard 12,100

Types of Security Guards and Their Functions in South Africa

In South Africa, security guards play a crucial role in maintaining safety and protecting various establishments. There are several types of security guards, each with distinct functions tailored to specific security needs. Understanding these roles is essential for businesses and organizations seeking to implement effective security measures. Here’s an overview of the types of security guards and their functions in South Africa:

1. Armed Security Guards

Armed security guards are equipped with firearms and are employed in high-risk environments. Their primary role is to deter potential threats and respond swiftly in case of security breaches.

2. Unarmed Security Guards

Unarmed security guards focus on surveillance, access control, and maintaining a visible presence to deter criminal activities. They are commonly deployed in retail stores, offices, and residential areas.

3. Corporate Security Guards

Corporate security guards are specifically trained to protect businesses and corporate facilities. They may monitor access points, conduct employee screenings, and implement security protocols to safeguard company assets.

4. Event Security Guards

Event security guards are hired to ensure the safety of attendees during concerts, conferences, and other large gatherings. Their responsibilities include crowd control, monitoring entrances, and responding to any disturbances.

5. Retail Security Guards

Retail security guards work in stores and shopping centres to prevent theft and maintain a secure shopping environment. They may also assist in handling shoplifting incidents and detain suspects until the arrival of law enforcement.

6. Residential Security Guards

Deployed in residential areas, these guards focus on safeguarding homes and communities. They monitor entrances, patrol neighbourhoods, and respond to any security concerns to create a safe living environment.

7. Hospital Security Guards

Hospital security guards protect medical facilities, staff, and patients. They manage access control, respond to emergencies, and ensure a secure environment within healthcare settings.

8. Bank Security Guards

Bank security guards are responsible for safeguarding financial institutions, customers, and employees. They monitor entrances, conduct security checks, and may escort personnel transporting valuables.

9. School Security Guards

School security guards focus on maintaining a safe environment for students, teachers, and staff. They monitor entrances, enforce access control, and respond to any security threats within educational institutions.

10. Industrial Security Guards

Deployed in industrial facilities, these guards protect against theft, vandalism, and unauthorized access. They may also be involved in monitoring safety protocols and responding to emergencies such as fires or accidents.

The diverse roles of security guards in South Africa underscore the importance of tailoring security measures to specific environments and needs. The collaboration of different types of security guards contributes to the overall safety and well-being of individuals and assets in various sectors.

Factors Affecting Security Guard’s Salaries in South Africa

Security guards play a crucial role in safeguarding people, property, and assets in South Africa. Various factors contribute to the determination of their salaries, reflecting the complex interplay of economic, social, and industry-specific considerations. Here is a detailed exploration of the key factors influencing security guard salaries in South Africa:

1. Experience and Skill Level

Seasoned security guards with extensive experience and specialized skills often command higher salaries. Expertise in handling advanced security systems, crisis management, and first aid can lead to increased compensation.

2. Location

Salaries vary across different regions in South Africa due to differences in the cost of living and demand for security services. Urban areas with higher crime rates may offer higher salaries to attract skilled security personnel.

3. Industry and Sector

Security guards employed in high-risk sectors such as banking, mining, or transportation may receive higher compensation due to the elevated security challenges. Government contracts and critical infrastructure protection contracts can influence salary levels.

4. Training and Certification

Security guards with relevant certifications and continuous training often receive better pay. Specialized training in areas like crowd control, surveillance, and emergency response enhances marketability and salary potential.

5. Company Size and Reputation

Established security companies or those with a reputable track record may offer higher salaries to attract top talent. Larger organizations dealing with high-value assets may have more resources to allocate to their security personnel.

6. Unionization and Collective Bargaining

Unionized security guards may benefit from collective bargaining agreements that set industry-wide salary standards. Unionized environments may also provide additional benefits, influencing overall compensation.

7. Economic Conditions

Economic fluctuations can impact the security industry and salaries. Economic downturns may lead to cost-cutting measures, affecting salary increments. Economic growth and increased demand for security services may result in higher salaries to meet the rising need for qualified personnel.

8. Legal Compliance and Regulations

Adherence to industry regulations and compliance with legal standards can impact salary structures. Companies ensuring their security personnel meet legal requirements may invest more in competitive salaries to attract and retain qualified staff.

9. Shifts and Working Conditions

Security guards working night shifts, weekends, or in challenging environments may receive additional compensation. Hazardous working conditions may necessitate higher pay to compensate for increased risk.

10. Inflation and Cost of Living Adjustments

Periodic reviews and adjustments based on inflation and the cost of living contribute to ensuring security guard salaries remain competitive and fair over time.

How to Become a Security Guard in South Africa

Becoming a security guard in South Africa involves a series of steps and requirements to ensure individuals are equipped to safeguard people and property effectively.

1. Educational Requirements

While a high school diploma is typically the minimum educational requirement, some employers may prefer candidates with additional qualifications. Pursuing courses related to security or law enforcement can enhance your prospects.

2. Obtain Necessary Certifications

In South Africa, security guards must complete specific training programs and obtain certifications. The most common certification is the PSIRA (Private Security Industry Regulatory Authority) certificate. This involves training in areas such as basic security practices, legal aspects, and first aid.

3. Physical Fitness Assessment

Physical fitness is crucial in the security industry. Candidates may need to undergo physical assessments to ensure they can meet the demands of the job. This may include endurance tests, strength assessments, and agility exercises.

4. Background Checks and Character Assessment

Due to the nature of the security profession, employers conduct thorough background checks. Clean criminal records and a positive character assessment are essential. Any history of criminal activity may disqualify an individual from becoming a security guard.

5. Apply for a Security License

After completing the necessary training and obtaining relevant certifications, aspiring security guards must apply for a security license through PSIRA. This involves submitting required documentation, including proof of training and certification.

6. Job Application and Networking

With the license in hand, aspiring security guards can start applying for positions. Networking within the industry is also beneficial, as it may lead to job opportunities and valuable connections.

7. Gain Practical Experience

On-the-job experience is invaluable for security guards. Many employers prefer candidates with practical experience, which can be gained through entry-level positions or internships. This experience enhances skills such as observation, communication, and crisis management.

8. Continuous Professional Development

Security is a dynamic field, and ongoing training is crucial. Security guards should stay updated on industry trends, legal changes, and new technologies. Pursuing additional certifications or specialized training can open doors to advancement within the field.



The average Security Guard Salary in South Africa is R9,200 per month. Understanding these factors provides valuable insights into the dynamic landscape of security guard salaries in South Africa, helping both employers and employees navigate the intricacies of compensation within the industry.

Becoming a security guard in South Africa involves a combination of education, certification, physical fitness, and practical experience. By following the steps above and maintaining a commitment to professional development, individuals can embark on a fulfilling career in the security industry, contributing to the safety and security of communities and assets.